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Water soluble extractives from petroleum oils: chemical characterization and effects on microalgae and marine animals
Winters, K.; Van Baalen, C.; Nicol, J.A.C. (1977). Water soluble extractives from petroleum oils: chemical characterization and effects on microalgae and marine animals. Rapp. et Proc.-Verb. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer 171: 166-174
In: Rapports et Procès-Verbaux des Réunions du Conseil Permanent International pour l'Exploration de la Mer. Conseil Permanent International pour l'Exploration de la Mer: Copenhagen. ISSN 0074-4336, more

Also published as
  • Winters, K.; Van Baalen, C.; Nicol, J.A.C. (1974). Water soluble extractives from petroleum oils: chemical characterization and effects on microalgae and marine animals, in: McIntyre, A.D. et al. (Ed.) (1977). Petroleum Hydrocarbons in the Marine Environment: Proceedings from ICES Workshop held in Aberdeen 9-12 September 1975. Rapports et Procès-Verbaux des Réunions du Conseil Permanent International pour l'Exploration de la Mer, 171: pp. 166-174, more

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Keywords
    Algae; Marine organisms; Oil pollution; Pollution effects; Toxicity tests; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Winters, K.
  • Van Baalen, C.
  • Nicol, J.A.C.

Abstract
    Chemical analyses of four lots of No.2 fuel oils were carried out. They were Montana, Baytown, New Jersey and Baton Rouge, supplied by Exxon Corporation. The major components of aromatics in the water solubles were identified and concentrations determined. The fuel oils were tested against six strains of microalgae, two blue greens PR-6 (Agmenellum quadruplicatum) , 17A (Coccochloris elabens) , two greens DUN (Dunaliella tertiolecta) , 508 (Chlorella autotrophica) ; and two diatoms N-1 (Cylindrotheca sp) and AMP-1 (Amphora sp). Microalgae differed in sensitivity to an oil; an alga differed in sensitivity to the several oils. Data are presented for toxicities of aromatic compounds found in oils; toluidines were especially toxic to blue-green algae. Animals - barnacle eggs, nauplii, sand dollar eggs and embryos, crab larvae, a pteropod - were exposed to crude oils, fuel oil and aromatic compounds, and mortalities determined. Fuel oils and crank-case oils were especially toxic. Changes of behaviour were noted.

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