|The sea urchin egg as a test object in oil pollution studies|
|Lönning, S. (1977). The sea urchin egg as a test object in oil pollution studies. Rapp. P.v. Réun. Cons. int. Explor. Mer. 171: 186-188|
|In: Rapport et Procès-verbaux des Réunions, Conseil international pour L'Exploration de la Mer. ICES, more|
|Also published as |
- Lönning, S. (1977). The sea urchin egg as a test object in oil pollution studies, in: McIntyre, A.D. et al. (Ed.) (1977). Petroleum hydrocarbons in the marine environment: Proceedings from ICES Workshop held in Aberdeen 9-12 September 1975. Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Cons. int. Explor. Mer, 171: pp. 186-188, more
Oil pollution; Toxicity tests; Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) [WoRMS]; Strongylocentrotus pallidus (Sars G.O., 1871) [WoRMS]; Marine
A few examples are taken from the literature (mainly the author's own studies) to illustrate the use of sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus pallidus and Echinocyamus pusillus) gametes and embryos as test material in oil pollution studies: Fertilization (rate, effect on nucleus and cytoplasm); Development (effects on skeleton and invagination of the intestine). In general, oil dispersants seem to be much more harmful than crude oil.