|A classification and comparison of vocalizations of captive killer whales (Orcinus orca)|
Dahlheim, M.E.; Awbrey, F. (1982). A classification and comparison of vocalizations of captive killer whales (Orcinus orca). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 72(3): 661-670
In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. American Institute of Physics: New York, etc.. ISSN 0001-4966, more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Dahlheim, M.E.
- Awbrey, F.
An acoustical study was conducted on captive killer whales (Orcinus orca) to determine if individuals or groups differed in their vocalizations. Twenty-one different underwater vocalization categories produced by 13 animals were recorded within a 40 Hz to 20 kHz bandwidth. Eight acoustical variables (starting and ending frequencies of the signal, duration, harmonic interval, starting and ending frequencies of the fundamentals, and low and high concentration of energy) were measured for each vocalization. Multivariate discriminant analysis was used to determine whether individual, oceanarium, or sexual differences were detectable in their vocalizations. Results showed distinct acoustical groupings by individuals, by oceanariums, and by sex.