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Predation on Littoraria scabra (Linné, 1758) (Littorinidae: Prosobranchia) in the mangrove of Bunaken Island, North Sulawesi
Boneka, F.B.; Lumingas, L.J.L.; Pratasik, S.B. (1998). Predation on Littoraria scabra (Linné, 1758) (Littorinidae: Prosobranchia) in the mangrove of Bunaken Island, North Sulawesi. Spec. Publ. Phuket Mar. Biol. Cent. 18(1): 95-98
In: Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication. Phuket Marine Biological Center: Phuket. ISSN 0858-3633, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Boneka, F.B.
  • Lumingas, L.J.L.
  • Pratasik, S.B.

Abstract
    Bark of mangrove trees harbour populations of Littoraria scabra. The snails are preyed upon by aquatic and terrestrial predators. To investigate the main direction of predation, four Avicennia trees were seeded with 30 marked snails each. The snails were placed on trees variously protected by net cages: one tree with a fully closed cage to prevent access of all predators, one with a cage open above to allow entry of terrestrial predators, one with a cage open at the bottom to allow entry of aquatic predators. The fourth tree, without net, served as control. Snails were counted every 2 weeks. In the fully closed cage, the number of snails was relatively constant for 12 weeks, and survival was significantly different from the other trees. On the partly caged trees and the control tree, the number of snails declined drastically during the first four weeks. This indicates that aquatic predators (crabs), entering the tree from below, preyed on the Littoraria. Terrestrial predators, entering the tree trunk from above, are unknown.

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