Flanders Marine Institute

Platform for marine research

In:

IMIS

Publications | Institutes | Persons | Datasets | Projects | Maps
report an error in this recordbasket (0): add | show Printer-friendly version

Concatenated molecular and morphological analysis sheds light on early Metazoan evolution and fuels a Modern "Urmetazoon" hypothesis
Schierwater, B.; Eitel, M.; Jakob, W.; Osigus, H.J.; Hadrys, H.; Dellaporta, S.; Kolokotronis, S.O.; DeSalle, R. (2009). Concatenated molecular and morphological analysis sheds light on early Metazoan evolution and fuels a Modern "Urmetazoon" hypothesis. PLoS Biology 7(1): 36-44. hdl.handle.net/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000020
In: PLoS Biology. Public Library of Science: San Francisco. ISSN 1544-9173, more
Peer reviewed article

Available in Authors 

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Schierwater, B., more
  • Eitel, M.
  • Jakob, W.
  • Osigus, H.J.
  • Hadrys, H.
  • Dellaporta, S.
  • Kolokotronis, S.O.
  • DeSalle, R.

Abstract
    For more than a century, the origin of metazoan animals has been debated. One aspect of this debate has been centered on what the hypothetical “urmetazoon” bauplan might have been. The morphologically most simply organized metazoan animal, the placozoan Trichoplax adhaerens, resembles an intriguing model for one of several “urmetazoon” hypotheses: the placula hypothesis. Clear support for a basal position of Placozoa would aid in resolving several key issues of metazoan-specific inventions (including, for example, head-foot axis, symmetry, and coelom) and would determine a root for unraveling their evolution. Unfortunately, the phylogenetic relationships at the base of Metazoa have been controversial because of conflicting phylogenetic scenarios generated while addressing the question. Here, we analyze the sum of morphological evidence, the secondary structure of mitochondrial ribosomal genes, and molecular sequence data from mitochondrial and nuclear genes that amass over 9,400 phylogenetically informative characters from 24 to 73 taxa. Together with mitochondrial DNA genome structure and sequence analyses and Hox-like gene expression patterns, these data (1) provide evidence that Placozoa are basal relative to all other diploblast phyla and (2) spark a modernized “urmetazoon” hypothesis.

 Top | Authors