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Reflex impairment as a measure of vitality and survival potential of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua)
Humborstad, O.B.; Davis, M.W.; Løkkeborg, S. (2009). Reflex impairment as a measure of vitality and survival potential of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Fish. Bull. 107(3): 395-402
In: Fishery Bulletin. National Marine Fisheries Service/NOAA: Seattle. ISSN 0090-0656, more
Peer reviewed article

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Keywords
    Reflexes; Sorting; Survival; Gadus morhua Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Humborstad, O.B.
  • Davis, M.W.
  • Løkkeborg, S.

Abstract
    Assuring the vitality and survival potential of live-caught Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is important for improving the sorting of fish before net penning operations designed to hold fish for growth and later market. When Atlantic cod are captured by Danish seine, the most commonly used fishing gear for live-caught fish, they undergo stressors such as forced swimming, net abrasion, and air exposure. Laboratory experiments [at an air temperature of 9°C and water temperature of 8°C) were conducted with the aim of constructing a RAMP (reflex action mortality predictor) curve for prediction of vitality and survival potential in Atlantic cod captured in Danish seines, by varying the levels of these stressors. Atlantic cod exposed to increased duration in air (5-20 min) showed increased reflex impairment and mortality, with 75% mortality at 10 minutes of air exposure. Forced swimming in combination with net abrasion and air exposure did not increase reflex impairment or mortality above that associated with air exposure alone. The Atlantic cod RAMP curves indicated that fish with reflex impairment less than 50% would not show mortality and would likely recover from capture stress.

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