|Diversity and large-scale biogeography of Paramesochridae (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) in South Atlantic Abyssal Plainsand the deep Southern Ocean|Gheerardyn, H.; Veit-Köhler, G. (2009). Diversity and large-scale biogeography of Paramesochridae (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) in South Atlantic Abyssal Plainsand the deep Southern Ocean. Deep-Sea Res., Part 1, Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 56(10): 1804-1815. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2009.05.002
In: Deep-Sea Research, Part I. Oceanographic Research Papers. Elsevier: Oxford. ISSN 0967-0637, more
Biogeography; Deep sea; Deep sea; Deep water; Diversity; Harpacticoida [WoRMS]; Copepoda [WoRMS]; Paramesochridae Lang, 1944 [WoRMS]; ASW, South Atlantic [Marine Regions]; PS, Southern Ocean [Marine Regions]; Marine
Copepoda; Harpacticoida; Deep sea; Southern Atlantic Ocean; Southern Ocean; Diversity; Biogeography; Paramesochridae
Multicorer samples for meiofaunal study were obtained within the framework of the international project CeDAMar, at 21 stations occupied during the DIVA and ANDEEP campaigns (2000, 2002 and 2005) to the southern Atlantic Ocean (Guinea, Angola and Cape Basins) and the Southern Ocean (Weddell and Scotia Seas), respectively. A total of 311 adult Paramesochridae Lang, 1944 (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) was extracted from 437 cores obtained during 83 deployments of the corer at depths between 1107 and 5655 m. All specimens were determined to species based on morphological characteristics. They belonged to 19 species and four genera (Kliopsyllus Kunz, 1962, Leptopsyllus T. Scott, 1894, Paramesochra T. Scott, 1892 and Scottopsyllus Kunz, 1962). Eleven species were restricted to single regions,whereas the others showed a much wider distribution. For example, Kliopsyllus andeep Veit-Köhler, 2004 and Kliopsyllus diva Veit-Köhler, 2005, were both collected from Guinea, Angola and Weddell Abyssal Plains,and Kliopsyllus schminkei Veit-Köhler & Drewes, 2009 occurred in the three West-African basins. This study provides a first insight into the large-scale biogeography of deep-sea harpacticoids, represented by the Paramesochridae, and indicates that distribution ranges, at least in this family, may extend across South Atlanticand Southern Ocean Abyssal Plains.