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Shellfish cultivation and fishery before and after a major flood barrier construction project in the southwestern Netherlands
Dijkema, R. (1988). Shellfish cultivation and fishery before and after a major flood barrier construction project in the southwestern Netherlands. J. Shellfish Res. 7(2): 241-252
In: Journal of Shellfish Research. National Shellfisheries Association: Duxbury. ISSN 0730-8000, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Coastal zone management; Environmental impact; Fishery management; Flood control; Shellfish fisheries; Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Ostrea edulis Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Marine

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  • Dijkema, R.

Abstract
    After a disastrous flood in 1953, a law was passed to close the mouths of all estuaries but one in the southwest of the Netherlands. The estuaries concerned were planned to become freshwater lakes. Existing bottom culture of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) and the European flat oyster (Ostrea edulis) as well as finfish and shrimp fisheries were to disappear from the area. After a change in national politics and intensive lobbying by nature conservation and fishery organizations, this plan was modified in such a way that a restricted tidal movement would remain possible in the main estuary, the Oosterschelde (Eastern Scheldt). Research is under way to assess new possibilities for aquaculture to predict possible effects of the project on environment and mariculture in the area. Management of aquaculture and fishery is facing the problems of compensating for lost cultivating plots, allotment of new ones and conflicts of interest between different cultures and fisheries.

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