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Endocrine disruption in the Scheldt estuary distribution, exposure and effects (ENDIS-RISKS). Final report
Janssen, C.R.; Ghekiere, A.; Verslycke, T.; Vincx, M.; Fockedey, N.; Rappé, K.; De Brabander, H.; Noppe, H.; Roose, P.; Monteyne, E.; Vethaak, D.; Mees, J.; Deneudt, K. (2007). Endocrine disruption in the Scheldt estuary distribution, exposure and effects (ENDIS-RISKS). Final report. Belgian Science Policy: Brussels. 106 pp.

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Document type: Final report

Keyword
    Marine

Project Top | Authors | Datasets 
  • Endocrine disruption in the Scheldt Estuary: distribution, exposure and effects, more

Authors  Top | Datasets 
  • Janssen, C.R., editor, more
  • Ghekiere, A., more
  • Verslycke, T., more
  • Vincx, M., editor, more
  • Fockedey, N., more
  • Rappé, K., more
  • De Brabander, H., editor, more

Abstract
    ENDIS-RISKS is a multidisciplinary, research project conducted by five institutes. This project aimed to assess the distribution, exposure and effects of endocrine disruptors in the Scheldt estuary, with specific attention to invertebrates. The Scheldt estuary is known to be one of the most polluted estuaries in the world. The industrial areas of Ghent and Antwerp are to a large extent responsible for this pollution. To achieve these goals detailed knowledge of the distribution and long-term effects of these substances is needed. This information is crucial for the development of future-oriented policy measures at the national and European level. The project can be divided into four different research phases. In Phase I the occurance and distribution of endocrine disrupting substances in the Scheldt estuary was studied. Water, sediment, suspended solids and biota were sampled 3 times a year for a period of 4 years (2002-2006). In all these matrices, 7 groups of chemicals were analysed: estrogens, pesticides, phthalates, organotins, polyaromatic components (PCBs, PBDEs), polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and phenols. All the analyzed chemicals are on the OSPAR list of priority chemicals or are indicated as endocrine disruptors on this list. The different water samples were also tested using in vitro assays to assess their potential to bind to the (human) estrogen and androgen receptor. Phase II evaluated the exposure of biota occuring in the Scheldt estuary to endocrine disrupting substances. Based on the results of the chemical analysis, priority substances were selected. Phase III studied the effects of endocrine disrupting substances occurring in the Scheldt estuary on resident mysid shrimp populations (laboratory and field studies). Substances of concern were selected and tested in the laboratory to evaluate their effects on the estuarine mysid Neomysis integer. In the context of this project, three new assays using invertebrate-specific endpoints were developed to examine the effect of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) on molting, embryogenesis and vitellogenesis of N. integer. Finally, in Phase IV laboratory and field results were used to perform a preliminary environmental risk assessment of endocrine disruptors in the Scheldt estuary. Samples were collected along the salinity gradiënt of the Scheldt estuary with the RV Belgica. Water samples were taken with Teflon-coated Go-Flo bottles (10L), sediment samples with Van Veen Grab, biota with a hyperbentic sledge, and suspended particulate matter (SPM) was continuously sampled with an Alfa Laval flow-through centrifuge. For the chemical analysis, protocols were developed to analyse estrogens, organotriazine herbicides, organochlorine pesticides, phtalates, organotins, PAHs, PCBs, and PBDEs in the different matrices: i.e. water, sediment, SPM and biota.Experimental studies were performed to analyse growth, molting, embryogenesis and vitellogenesis of N. integer. These studies were needed to develop ecotoxicological assays to evaluate EDCs on these physiological processes. To study growth of N. integer, organisms were individually transferrred in exposure solutions and molts were collected to measure the growth after each molting. To study embryogenesis, embryos were taking out of the marsupium and placed in multiwell plates. Each day survival, developmental stages and hatching was analysed. To study vitellogenesis, vitellin was isolated from eggs with gelfitration and polyclonal antibodies were developed (in rabbits). With the isolated vitellin and the antibodies an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed. Vitellin was quatified in ovigerous females exposed to test compound in the laboratory and in females collected from the different sampling sites of the Scheldt estuary. In addition to vitellin levels, energy allocation and testosterone metabolism was examined in field collected mysids. Finally, results from population stud

Datasets (4)
  • Chemical analysis of PAK's, Organotin, PCB's, PBDE's and organochlorine pesticides as possible endocrine disruptors in Scheldt estuary, more
  • Ecological epibenthic data of the Scheldt estuary: ENDIS-RISKS data (2002-2005), more
  • Ecological hyperbenthic data of the Scheldt estuary: ENDIS-RISKS data (2002-2005), more
  • ENDIS-RISKS fysico-chemical measurements and hyperbenthos in the Scheldt river, 2002-2006., more

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