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Calcium accumulation and regulation in Daphnia magna: links with feeding, growth and reproduction
Muyssen, B.T.A.; De Schamphelaere, K.A.C.; Janssen, C.R. (2009). Calcium accumulation and regulation in Daphnia magna: links with feeding, growth and reproduction. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A Mol. Integr. Physiol. 152(1): 53-57. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.cbpa.2008.08.031
In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A. Molecular and Integrative Physiology. Elsevier: New York. ISSN 1095-6433, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Fresh water
Author keywords
    Accumulation; Calcium; Daphnia magna; Food; Ingestion; Physiology;Regulation

Authors  Top 
  • Muyssen, B.T.A., more
  • De Schamphelaere, K.A.C., more
  • Janssen, C.R., more

Abstract
    Calcium is involved in a wide variety of biological processes and has an important structural role in crustaceans. The present study aimed at exploring the possible link between Ca body concentrations and the ingestion rate and the role of soft tissue vs. total tissue Ca accumulation in Daphnia magna. D. magna was cultured for 21 days at different water Ca concentrations ranging from 3.4 to 32.5 mg/L Every week Ca body concentrations (soft and total tissues), ingestion rate, growth, survival and reproduction were measured. Daily, algal food that was not deficient in Ca was supplied. Ca in the soft tissues represented 8 to 26% of the total Ca body concentrations. The ratio Ca in soft tissue/Ca in total tissue was generally not influenced by the Ca exposure concentration but decreased with time, i.e., age (from an average of 0.24 at day 7 to 0.09 at day 21). During week 1, a 54% decrease in Ca body concentrations was observed in daphnids exposed in medium with 3.4 mg/L Ca compared to those exposed to 32.5 mg/L The concurrent decrease in ingestion rate was 14%. No significant differences among Ca treatments were observed during week 2 for ingestion rate and week 3 for calcium body concentrations. Also, no effects on growth and reproduction were observed, although these were expected at the lowest Ca concentration tested. It is hypothesised that Ca absorption from food in combination with an increased ingestion rate is used to maintain Ca homeostasis under Ca limiting conditions.

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