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Embryologie, aspect extérieur du developpement larvaire et maturité sexuelle du poisson-chat africain Heterobranchus isopterus (Siluroidei, Clariidae)
Da Costa, S.K.; Gourène, G.; Teugels, G.G. (1996). Embryologie, aspect extérieur du developpement larvaire et maturité sexuelle du poisson-chat africain Heterobranchus isopterus (Siluroidei, Clariidae). Belg. J. Zool. 126(2): 93-109
In: Belgian Journal of Zoology. Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Dierkunde = Société royale zoologique de Belgique: Gent. ISSN 0777-6276, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Da Costa, S.K.
  • Gourène, G.
  • Teugels, G.G., more

Abstract
    The embryonic and external larval development of the African catfish Heterobranchus isopterus (Clariidae) has been described chronologically up to 23 days of age. The ontogeny of this species is similar to that of H. longifilis. However, the growth rate of embryonic and larval development in H. isopterus is slower. Also the adhesive pastille on the yolk sac of the post-hatching larvae is absent. At the age of 6 days, cannibalism was noted. The juvinile period starts after 23 days at 26°C.Sexual maturity and the effect of temperature on the eggs have also been studied in H. isopterus. The study of oocyte diameter and influence of temperature on embryonic dvelopment enabled to conclude that the species can be reproduced throughout the year. The optimal hatching rate and the highest ratio of normal larvae are obtained between 24°C and 26°C.

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