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Population growth and vertical distribution of Calanus helgolandicus in the Celtic Sea
Williams, R.; Conway, D.V.P. (1982). Population growth and vertical distribution of Calanus helgolandicus in the Celtic Sea. Neth. J. Sea Res. 16: 185-194
In: Netherlands Journal of Sea Research. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ): Groningen; Den Burg. ISSN 0077-7579, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Calanus helgolandicus (Claus, 1863) [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Williams, R.
  • Conway, D.V.P.

    Calanus helgolandicus overwinters in the shallow waters ( 100 m) of the Celtic Sea as copepodite stages V and VI; the minimum temperature in winter is approximately 8.0°C. This over-wintering is not a true hibernation or dormancy, accompanied by a reduced metabolic state with a discontinuation of feeding and development, but more of a lowered activity, involving reduced feeding and development, with predation on available microzooplankton and detritus. Analysis of specimens from the winter population showed that copepodite stages V and VI were actively feeding and still producing and possibly liberating eggs. The absence of late nauplii and young copepodites in the water column until late March indicated that there must be a high mortality of these winter cohorts. The copepodites of the first generation appeared in April-May, the younger stages, copepodites I to III, being distributed deeper in the water column below the euphotic zone and thermocline, This distribution would contribute to a much slower rate of development. By August the ontogenetic vertical distributions observed in the copepodites were reversed, the younger stages occurring in the warmer surface layers within the euphotic zone. Diurnal migrations were observed in the later copepodites only, the younger stages I to III either remaining deep in spring or shallow in summer. The causal mechanisms which alter the behaviour of the young copepodites remain unexplained. The development of the population of Calanus helgolandicus in 1978, reaching its peak of abundance in August, was typical for the shelf seas around U .K. as observed from Continuous Plankton Recorder data, 1958 to 1977.

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