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Age, growth, reproduction, and the feeding ecology of black sea bass, Centropristis striata (Pisces: Serranidae), in the eastern Gulf of Mexico
Hood, P.B.; Godcharles, M.F.; Barco, R.S. (1994). Age, growth, reproduction, and the feeding ecology of black sea bass, Centropristis striata (Pisces: Serranidae), in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. Bull. Mar. Sci. 54(1): 24-37
In: Bulletin of Marine Science. University of Miami Press: Coral Gables. ISSN 0007-4977, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Age; Biological age; Diets; Feeding behavior; Food organisms; Growth; Habitat; Reproduction; Sexual reproduction; Spawning seasons; Stomach content; Centropristis striata (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Hood, P.B.
  • Godcharles, M.F.
  • Barco, R.S.

Abstract
    Aspects of life history and feeding ecology are described for black sea bass, Centropristis striata, collected from the eastern Gulf of Mexico primarily between December 1966 and December 1967. Marginal increment analysis suggests that bands on sagittae are deposited once a year during the late spring to early summer. Mean empirical standard lengths ranged from 106 mm at age 0 to 278 mm at age VII. Estimates of parameters for a von Bertalanffy growth equation were calculated for males (L arrow left = 265 mm, k = 0.29, to = -1.28), for females (L arrow left = 218 mm, k = 0.36, t o) = -1.31), and for all aged fish (L arrow left = 311 mm, k = 0.16, t4 = -2.00). Mean length at age was greater for males than for females. Black sea bass are protogynous hermaphrodites, with females outnumbering males by 1.5:1 in our samples. Females became mature between ages I and III (120-190 mm SL). No females were older than age VI. Most transitional fish were between ages II and IV (160-230 mm SL). Males were present at all ages, and mature males were 90-330 mm SL. Histological analysis of gonads suggested that spawning occurs from December to April. Forty-two prey species and 44 additional diet items identified to higher taxonomic categories were found in stomach contents. Amphipods, stomatopods, shrimps, crabs, and fishes were numerically the most common prey species. Caridean shrimp, penaeid shrimp, and xanthid crabs were the dominant prey items for inshore black sea bass, whereas majid crabs, stomatopods, and fishes dominated the diet of offshore fish.

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