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Aquaculture in Chile: salmonid culture
Toledo, M.I. (1989). Aquaculture in Chile: salmonid culture, in: De Pauw, N. et al. (Ed.) Aquaculture: a biotechnology in progress: volume 1. pp. 259-267
In: De Pauw, N. et al. (Ed.) (1989). Aquaculture: a biotechnology in progress: volume 1. European Aquaculture Society: Bredene, Belgium. ISBN 90-71625-03-6. 1-592 pp., more

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Document type: Conference paper

Keyword
    Marine

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  • Toledo, M.I.

Abstract
    Chile has excellent environmental conditions for the development of aquaculture. The species used in commercial aquaculture along the length of the country are: rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri, coho salmon (0. kisutch), Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), Chilean oyster (Ostrea chilensis), Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas), scallop (Chlamys sp.), mussels (Choromytilus chorus, Mytilus chilensis, Aulacomya ater) and algae ( Gracilaria sp.). In 1986 the total production was 9 902t; more than 50% from algae culture, 21% from fish culture. The main zone of aquaculture activity is situated around Puerto Montt (Region X). The exportation of this production increased to US $ 18 million and the main markets were the USA, Europe, and Japan. Salmon culture presents the best perspectives with an expected annual production of 10000-20 000t.yr-1. Problems related with feeding, eggs supply, processing, and cold storage capacity are, among others, the main constraints for the farmers in the near future.

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