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Pond culture of macroalgae, Gracilaria cylindrica and Gracilaria verrucosa in Indonesia, with notes on gastropod pests
Soekendarsi, E. (1998). Pond culture of macroalgae, Gracilaria cylindrica and Gracilaria verrucosa in Indonesia, with notes on gastropod pests. Spec. Publ. Phuket Mar. Biol. Cent. 18(1): 145-148
In: Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication. Phuket Marine Biological Center: Phuket. ISSN 0858-3633, more
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  • Soekendarsi, E.

Abstract
    Using traditional methods, Gracilaria cylindrica and G. verrucosa are commonly cultivated in ponds located in the south eastern parts of South Sulawesi. G. cylindrica has thick, cylindrical branches. G. verrucosa has slender broad-based herbivore gastropods, Clithon sp. Neritodryas sp., and Clypeomorus sp., occur naturally in the pond areas. The snails easily develop into pests. To reduce the problem, farmers must daily clean cultured Gracilaria by hand. Polyculture of Gracilaria and milk fish reduce problems with fouling epiphytes cylindrica has thick, cylindrical branches. G. verrucosa has slender broad-based branches. An illustrated taxonomic account is presented. Three species of herbivore gastropods, Clithon sp. Neritodryas sp., and Clypeomorus sp., occur naturally in the pond areas. The snails easily develop into pests. To reduce the problem, farmers must daily clean cultured Gracilaria and milk fish reduce problems with fouling epiphytes.

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