|Effects of human disturbance on Eider Ducklings Somateria mollissima in an estuarine habitat in Scotland|
Keller, V.E. (1991). Effects of human disturbance on Eider Ducklings Somateria mollissima in an estuarine habitat in Scotland. Biol. Conserv. 58: 213-228
In: Biological Conservation. Elsevier: Barking. ISSN 0006-3207, more
Eider ducklings Somateria mollissima on the Ythan estuary in Scotland were frequently disturbed by recreational activities, both when roosting on the shore and when feeding in the water. Shore-based activities (fishermen, people walking along the shore, dogs) caused more disturbances than water-based ones (windsurfers, rowing boats). Disturbance affected the activity of eider creches for up to 35 min. Disturbance of small ducklings led to an increase in predator encounters during the five minutes following the disturbance.