|Marine ecotoxicology: field and laboratory approaches|
Bouquegneau, J.-M.; Joiris, C.; Delbeke, K. (1985). Marine ecotoxicology: field and laboratory approaches, in: Van Grieken, R. et al. (Ed.) Progress in Belgian Oceanographic Research: Proceedings of a symposium held at the Palace of Academies Brussels, 3-5 March 1985. pp. 368-379
In: Van Grieken, R.; Wollast, R. (Ed.) (1985). Progress in Belgian Oceanographic Research: Proceedings of a symposium held at the Palace of Academies Brussels, 3-5 March 1985. University of Antwerp (UA): Antwerpen. 479 pp., more
Preliminary results on the levels of organochlorine residues and mercury in the main compartments of the North Sea are described and the advantage of presenting data on three bases (wet weight, fat weight and water volume) is emphasized.Higher concentrations are by far found in the pelagic seabirds but no biomagnification can be detected at the first levels of the food chain (phytoplankton -zooplankton and fish). The results are discussed considering the relative importance. of the uptakes by food and directly from water.The modeling of the pollutants cycles in marine ecosystems requires notably the knowledge of the percentages of ingested pollutants assimilated, the concentration factors and the rates of excretion which all have to be determined in the laboratory.Some physiological adaptations to pollution are described which can change their kinetics of uptake and should be taken into account in the interpretation of the ecotoxicological data. Finally we discuss the fact that the liposolubility of all stable pollutants (organic and inorganic) would be related to their rate of uptake, suggesting that general laws describing the fate of pollutants in aquatic systems may exist.