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Adventures in holistic ecosystem modelling: the Cumberland Basin ecosystem model
Gordon Jr., D.C.; Keizer, P.D.; Daborn, G.R.; Schwinghamer, P.; Silvert, W.L. (1986). Adventures in holistic ecosystem modelling: the Cumberland Basin ecosystem model. Neth. J. Sea Res. 20(2-3): 325-335
In: Netherlands Journal of Sea Research. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ): Groningen; Den Burg. ISSN 0077-7579, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Gordon Jr., D.C.
  • Keizer, P.D.
  • Daborn, G.R.
  • Schwinghamer, P.
  • Silvert, W.L., more

Abstract
    A holistic ecosystem model has been developed for the Cumberland Basin, a turbid macrotidal estuary at the head of Canada's Bay of Fundy. The model was constructed as a group exercise involving several dozen scientists. Philosophy of approach and methods were patterned after the BOEDE Ems-Dollard modelling project. The model is one-dimensional, has 3 compartments and 3 boundaries, and is composed of 3 separate sub-models (physical, pelagic and benthic). The 28 biological state variables cover the complete estuarine ecosystem and represent broad functional groups of organisms based on trophic relationships. Although still under development and not yet validated, the model has been verified and has reached the stage where most state variables provide reasonable output. The modelling process has stimulated interdisciplinary discussion, identified important data gaps and produced a quantitative tool which can be used to examine ecological hypotheses and determine critical environmental processes. As a result, Canadian scientists have a much better understanding of the Cumberland Basin ecosystem and are better able to provide competent advice on environmental management.

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