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Distribution and activity of microorganisms in coastal waters off the Netherlands and Germany
Vosjan, J.H.; Gunkel, W.; Tijssen, S.B.; Pauptit, E.; Klings, K.-W.; Bruns, K.; Poremba, K.; Hagmeier, E. (1992). Distribution and activity of microorganisms in coastal waters off the Netherlands and Germany. Neth. J. Sea Res. 29(4): 333-341
In: Netherlands Journal of Sea Research. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ): Groningen; Den Burg. ISSN 0077-7579, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Vosjan, J.H.
  • Gunkel, W.
  • Tijssen, S.B.
  • Pauptit, E.
  • Klings, K.-W.
  • Bruns, K.
  • Poremba, K.
  • Hagmeier, E.

Abstract
    Coastal waters up to 90 km off the coast of the Netherlands and Germany were investigated with the RV 'Friedrich Heincke' at 21 stations in July 1987. Hydrographic, chemical and biological parameters were measured simultaneously, such as temperature, salinity, oxygen saturation, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentrations and electron transport system (ETS) activities. The mean surface temperature was 16°C, salinity distribution showed a tongue of high salinity in the Southern Bight and coastal areas of low values by river input from the Rhine and Elbe. The mean oxygen concentration was 102.4%, with the highest percentages northwest of Helgoland and the lowest near Scheveningen and Cuxhaven. The ecosystem parameters of ATP-biomass and respiratory ETS-activity showed a distribution pattern corresponding to the inflow of clear Channel water and nutrient-rich river water. Highest biomass values and respiratory activities were found near Texel and northwest of Helgoland. The distribution patterns of microplankton species were more patchy. Distribution patterns are shown of phytoplankton species such as Ceratium fusus, Phaeocystis spec., Rhizosolenia shrubsolei, and Mesodinium rubrum and various groups of microplankton. The highest numbers of Ceratium were found near Helgoland, of Phaeocystis near Terschelling and Cuxhaven, of Rhizosolenia near Texel and Langeoog and of Mesodinium near the Dutch coast and north of Borkum. Concentrations of bacteria were determined both by cultivation and epifluorescence microscopy methods. The numbers obtained by the pour-plate method varied much more than those determined by the direct-count method. At all stations, oil-degrading bacteria were found. The numbers of bacteria able to degrade mineral oil were higher than the numbers of bacteria able to degrade a tetradecane-pentadecane mixture. Biological oxygen demand (BOD) was measured with and without oil additions after incubation of 5, 10 and 15 days and a potency to degrade oil was shown. Beside the mapping of respiratory activity by the ETS-method, the real oxygen uptake at in situ temperatures was measured in a few samples with short incubation. An ETS/R ratio of 4.1 was estimated.

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