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Fish disease as a monitor for marine pollution: the case of the North Sea
Vethaak, A.D.; Rheinallt, T. (1992). Fish disease as a monitor for marine pollution: the case of the North Sea. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 2: 1-32
In: Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries. Chapman & Hall: London. ISSN 0960-3166, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Epidemiology; Fish diseases; Marine pollution; Pollution effects; Pollution indicators; Pollution monitoring; Pisces [WoRMS]; ANE, North Sea [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Vethaak, A.D., more
  • Rheinallt, T.

Abstract
    The use of fish diseases to monitor marine pollution is reviewed and evaluated, with particular reference to the North Sea and associated waters. Criteria for epidemiological surveys are outlined, an international overview of research is given, and recent studies in the North Sea area are described and evaluated. The basic approach is to identify spatial and temporal patterns of disease prevalence, which can be related to pollution. A major obstacle is to distinguish effects of pollution from those of other variables, especially as most diseases appear to have a multifactorial aetiology.

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