|Introductions of non-indigenous fish species for release and culture in the Netherlands|
de Groot, S.J. (1985). Introductions of non-indigenous fish species for release and culture in the Netherlands. Aquaculture 46(3): 237-257
In: Aquaculture. Elsevier: Amsterdam; London; New York; Oxford; Tokyo. ISSN 0044-8486, more
Fish; Historical account; Introduced species; Stocking (organisms); Netherlands [Marine Regions]; Marine; Brackish water; Fresh water
|Author|| || Top |
A total of 27 non-indigenous fish species has been introduced into the waters of The Netherlands, mainly during the 19th and 20th centuries; 12 European, 11 North American, 3 Asian and 1 South American species. Most of the introductions were made deliberately, some accidentally. Nearly all of the introduced fish are true freshwater species (23), and others are anadromous (4). The introductions were made with the aims of restocking declining populations of commercially important species, introducing new species as substitutes for the former, establishing new fisheries or for culture to produce fish for consumption, ornament and game.