|Carbon dioxide and oxygen disequilibrium in a tidal basin (Dutch Wadden Sea)|
Hoppema, J.M.J. (1993). Carbon dioxide and oxygen disequilibrium in a tidal basin (Dutch Wadden Sea). Neth. J. Sea Res. 31(3): 221-229
In: Netherlands Journal of Sea Research. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ): Groningen; Den Burg. ISSN 0077-7579, more
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Measurements of total CO2, alkalinity and dissolved oxygen were conducted in a tidal basin with estuarine properties during three cruises. In winter CO2 and oxygen were close to equilibrium with the atmosphere. In May the basin was a large source for CO2, where the fractional gain with respect to the freshwater CO2 was as high as 42%. Also in September high pCO2 indicated a release to the atmosphere; both in May and September there was accompanying low oxygen. Water originating from the tidal flats was shown to affect the water in the adjacent tidal channel significantly. Tidal-flat water was characterized by high TCO2 and alkalinity and low oxygen as compared with the surrounding water. It develops through biological processes on the tidal flats (only in the vegetative season), as well as through the local discharge of a small freshwater source with very high alkalinity (and TCO2). Using alkalinity as a tracer it was calculated that in March 12% of the fresh water in an adjacent tidal channel might originate from this source, although it constituted only 1.5% of the total freshwater discharge.