|Fractal geometry of in situ flocs in the estuarine and coastal environments|
Chen, S.; Eisma, D. (1995). Fractal geometry of in situ flocs in the estuarine and coastal environments. Neth. J. Sea Res. 33(2): 173-182
In: Netherlands Journal of Sea Research. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ): Groningen; Den Burg. ISSN 0077-7579, more
Analytical techniques; Brackishwater environment; Flocculation; Sedimentation; Suspended particulate matter; Underwater cameras; ANE, Germany, Elbe Estuary [Marine Regions]; Brackish water
|Authors|| || Top |
One- and two-dimensional fractal dimensions of in situ flocs were determined from the dependence of the area and perimeter of projection of the flocs on their greatest length, using an underwater camera and image-analysis system. Values for the fractal dimensions of flocs in the Elbe estuary and the North Sea varied among the samples: D1 in the range of 1.03 to 1.14 and D2 in the range of 1.41 to 1.81. D2 as obtained here represents the three-dimensional fractal dimension of flocs, which has been obtained in previous studies from the dependence of settling velocity or porosity of flocs on their characteristic length. Comparisons of environmental factors showed no relationships between the fractal dimension and fluid shear. Salinity effects on the fractal dimension were probably also insignificant in our samples. The relationship of D1 with the concentration of suspended matter was fairly convincing and suggests that the flocs had a rougher edge of projection at high than at low concentrations.