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Phytoplankton and foraminiferal frequencies in northern Indian Ocean and Red Sea surface waters
Kleijne, A.; Kroon, D.; Zevenboom, W. (1989). Phytoplankton and foraminiferal frequencies in northern Indian Ocean and Red Sea surface waters. Neth. J. Sea Res. 24(4): 531-539
In: Netherlands Journal of Sea Research. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ): Groningen; Den Burg. ISSN 0077-7579, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Kleijne, A.
  • Kroon, D.
  • Zevenboom, W.

Abstract
    This paper describes the distribution patterns of living planktonic foraminifers, coccolithophorids and picocyanobacteria along an east-west traverse in northern Indian Ocean and Red Sea surface waters during the southwestern monsoon. The absolute frequencies of coccolithophorids and foraminifers more or less correlated with temperature in the western Arabian Sea and South of India, where deeper waters well up into the photic zone. The increased frequencies in these upwelling zones were especially accounted for by the coccolithophorids Emiliania huxleyi (Lohmann) Hay & Mohler, Gephyrocapsa oceanica Kamptner and the foraminifer Globigerina bulloides d'Orbigny. The coccolithophorids Umbellosphaera irregularis Paasche and U. tenuis (Kamptner) Paasche showed a preference for warm, oligotrophic waters, and were absent in the upwelling areas. The small, red-pigmented picocyanobacteria in surface waters (depth 0 to 5 m) formed an important part of the primary production. Their relative frequency was more or less constant, on an average of 2·107 cells·dm-3 along the entire transect, so their relative contribution to biomass was higher in nutrient-poor environments than in nutrient-rich upwelling waters. Both carbonate producing foraminifers and coccolithophorids increase in number with improved nutrient availability in the upwelling areas. Their relative frequencies in sediments underlying the upwelling zones will reflect the varying upwelling conditions, caused by fluctuations in monsoonal atmospheric circulation, and thus allow for the reconstruction of past climatic change in this area.

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