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Soft-bottom benthic community in the estuarine waters of East Java
Kastoro, W.; Aswandy, I.; Al Hakim, I.; de Wilde, P.A.W.J.; Everaarts, J.M. (1989). Soft-bottom benthic community in the estuarine waters of East Java. Neth. J. Sea Res. 23(4): 463-472
In: Netherlands Journal of Sea Research. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ): Groningen; Den Burg. ISSN 0077-7579, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Brackish water

Authors  Top 
  • Kastoro, W.
  • Aswandy, I.
  • Al Hakim, I.
  • de Wilde, P.A.W.J.
  • Everaarts, J.M.

    During the Snellius-II Expedition, both in the period July-August and in the period November- December 1984, the structure of the macrobenthic communities in the estuaries of the rivers Porong, Wonokromo and Solo was investigated. The numerical densities of the benthic organisms (>0.5 mm) from the Porong, Wonokromo, and Bengawan Solo estuaries during the Snellius-II Expedition varied between 87 and 5787 ind·m-2; biomasses between 0.4 and 602 g DW·m-2. The high numerical density (1573 ind·m-2) found at st. 2 of the Porong estuary in period I (July-August 1984) was attributed to the dense population of the bivalve Varicorbula rotalis. Consequently a very high biomass (602 g DW·m-2) was measured at this station. The mollusc Theora lata and the polychaetes Ancistrosyllis parva, Nepthys dibranchis, Paraprionospio pinnata, and Sternaspis laevis occurred at almost every station during the investigation periods. Paraprionospio pinnata and Theora lata, which are considered indicator species of disharmonic environments, were found at almost every station of the study areas in both periods. Species diversity at all the stations was low, ranging form 0.1 to 1.6.

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