|Dispersal and deposition of river sediments in coastal seas: models from Asia and the tropics|
Wright, L.D. (1989). Dispersal and deposition of river sediments in coastal seas: models from Asia and the tropics. Neth. J. Sea Res. 23(4): 493-500
In: Netherlands Journal of Sea Research. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ): Groningen; Den Burg. ISSN 0077-7579, more
The diverse mechanisms by which river-borne sediments are dispersed into coastal oceans and the associated patterns of deposition are considered for some tropical and Asian river mouth dispersal systems: the Huanghe (Yellow River), which enters the Bohai Gulf (China), the Purari River which enters the Gulf of Papua (Papua New Guinea) and the Jaba River, which enters Empress Augusta Bay (Bougainville, Papua New Guinea). These models contrast sharply with 'conventional' models such as that of the Mississippi, although in different respects. Extremely high suspended sediment concentrations off the Huanghe mouth cause sinking, gravity-driven plumes which produce rapid deposition very near the mouth; extremely rapid seaward growth of the subaqueous delta results. Although the average water discharge of the Purari exceeds that of the Huanghe, the average sediment discharge from the Purari is an order of magnitude less than that of the Huanghe. Suspended sediments transported via buoyant plumes from the Purari mouth are trapped inshore by the southeasterly trades and have their ultimate sink in the tidal estuaries to the west of the mouths rather than offshore. The Jaba is a small river with a very steep gradient and an extremely high bed load relative to water discharge. It has constructed a protruding and rapidly evolving delta. Literature on the Indonesian rivers Solo and Porong dispersal systems suggests that those systems may, at different times, be subject to processes similar to those which operate off the mouths of the Huanghe, Purari and Jaba although no single, direct analogies can be made.