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The influence of environmental conditions on settlement, distribution and growth of 0-group sole (Solea solea (L.)) in a macrotidal estuary (Vilaine, France)
Marchand, J. (1991). The influence of environmental conditions on settlement, distribution and growth of 0-group sole (Solea solea (L.)) in a macrotidal estuary (Vilaine, France). Neth. J. Sea Res. 27(3-4): 307-316
In: Netherlands Journal of Sea Research. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ): Groningen; Den Burg. ISSN 0077-7579, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Brackish water

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  • Marchand, J.

Abstract
    In the Vilaine estuary, the environmental conditions at the onset of the settlement of metamorphosing sole have been surveyed for 5 years. The inshore migration occurs either in early or in late April depending on the hydroclimatic conditions: sole are observed in the estuary when bottom water salinity varies between 25 and 30 S and water temperature is up to 11°C. During spring, their distribution pattern is similar in all years: first, accumulation at the entrance of the estuary, then concentration in the upper parts and finally, colonization of the whole estuarine area by juveniles. Interannual variations in growth rates were observed during their first estuarine phase, in particular when the estuary is transformed into a 'ria' with high water temperature and salinity. These biological features are discussed according to ontogenic changes occurring during these early life stages. From field and experimental data and from literature information on sole and other pleuronectiform species, a conceptual model on relationships between environmental parameters and metamorphosis processes in estuarine areas is proposed.

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