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Microbiological aspects of bioturbation
Reichardt, W. (1989). Microbiological aspects of bioturbation, in: Ros, J.D. (Ed.) Topics in Marine Biology: Proceedings of the 22nd European Marine Biology Symposium, Barcelona, Spain, August 1987. Scientia Marina (Barcelona), 53(2-3): pp. 301-306
In: Ros, J.D. (Ed.) (1989). Topics in Marine Biology: Proceedings of the 22nd European Marine Biology Symposium, Barcelona, Spain, August 1987. Scientia Marina (Barcelona), 53(2-3). Instituto de Ciencias del Mar: Barcelona. 145-754 pp., more
In: Scientia Marina (Barcelona). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. Institut de Ciènces del Mar: Barcelona. ISSN 0214-8358, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Author 
    VLIZ: Proceedings [16925]
Document type: Conference paper

Keyword
    Marine

Author  Top 
  • Reichardt, W.

Abstract
    Enhanced rates of microbial chemoautotrophic production in subsurface sediments are often linked to infauna burrows. Two independent methodological approaches revealed that bacterial populations that should be responsible for increased carbon dioxide dark fixation in burrow walls of the polychaete worm Nereis diversicolor, showed no enrichment effects. By using phospholipid fatty acid and hydroxy fatty acid biomarkers biomass-specific signature compounds, it became clear that, in contrast to phototrophic eukaryotes (biomarker:20:5omega3), bacteria including sulfate reducers (biomarker:10 Me 16:0) as well as microfauna (biomarker:20:5omega6) did not accumulate in the 1.5 mm thick superficially oxidized burrow walls. On the other hand, evidence for strong grazing was indicated by high levels of poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (poly-β-hydroxyalkanoates), a bacterial storage product, in the wall layer. This was in agreement with increased levels of partly extracellular enzyme activities such as scleroprotease and sulfatase.

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