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Physical factors in barnacle community structure: a conceptual model
Delafontaine, M.T.; Flemming, B.W. (1989). Physical factors in barnacle community structure: a conceptual model, in: Ros, J.D. (Ed.) Topics in Marine Biology: Proceedings of the 22nd European Marine Biology Symposium, Barcelona, Spain, August 1987. Scientia Marina (Barcelona), 53(2-3): pp. 405-410
In: Ros, J.D. (Ed.) (1989). Topics in Marine Biology: Proceedings of the 22nd European Marine Biology Symposium, Barcelona, Spain, August 1987. Scientia Marina (Barcelona), 53(2-3). Instituto de Ciencias del Mar: Barcelona. 145-754 pp., more
In: Scientia Marina (Barcelona). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. Institut de Ciènces del Mar: Barcelona. ISSN 0214-8358, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Proceedings [16941]
Document type: Conference paper

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Delafontaine, M.T.
  • Flemming, B.W.

Abstract
    Distribution patterns of the barnacles Chthamalus dentatus Krauss, Tetraclita serratal Darwin and Octomeris angulosa Sowerby were studied along the rugged and exposed shoreline of Transkei (Southeast Africa). The data argue in favour of physical rather than biological control of community structure. A strong correlation exists between species distribution and two major physical parameters, namely emergence/submergence (E/S) regime and the degree of exposure to wave impact. A two-dimensional conceptual model was derived, in which the habitat of each species is delimited by specific combinations of the two parameters. Thus, C. dentatus occurs under virtually any E/S regime where wave impact is low. O. angulosa in turn occurs where E/S ratios are low, but where wave impact is intermediate to high, whereas T. serrata occupies an intermediate position in terms of both parameters. Although individual habitats overlap over a limited range of physical conditions, there was no evidence that competition controls the distribution or zonation of these species. The model is consistent with the distribution patterns observed along the entire Southeast African coastline, and amongst other things, also explains the occurrence of zonation patterns. Circumstantial evidence suggests that the segregative process occurs after the larvae arrive on the shore, but prior to metamorphosis. The model may have implications for other intertidal organisms, including algae.

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