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Degenerating epidermal cells in Xenoturbella bocki (phylum uncertain), Nemertodermatida and Acoela (Platyhelminthes)
Lundin, K. (2001). Degenerating epidermal cells in Xenoturbella bocki (phylum uncertain), Nemertodermatida and Acoela (Platyhelminthes). Belg. J. Zool. 131(Suppl. 1): 153-157
In: Belgian Journal of Zoology. Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Dierkunde = Société royale zoologique de Belgique: Gent. ISSN 0777-6276, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Lundin, K. (2001). Degenerating epidermal cells in Xenoturbella bocki (phylum uncertain), Nemertodermatida and Acoela (Platyhelminthes), in: Saló, E. et al. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on the Biology of the Turbellaria, Barcelona, Spain, June 2000 [CD-ROM]. Belgian Journal of Zoology, 131(Suppl. 1): pp. 153-157, more

Available in Author 
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Evolution; Skin; Ultrastructure; Acoela [WoRMS]; Nemertodermatida [WoRMS]; Platyhelminthes [WoRMS]; Platyhelminthes [WoRMS]; Xenoturbella Westblad, 1949 [WoRMS]; Marine

Author  Top 
  • Lundin, K.

Abstract
    Species of the Nemertodermatida. and Acoela have a mode of withdrawing and resorbing worn ciliated epidermal cells, through the epidermis and into the gastrodermal tissue. The ultrastructure of these degenerating epidermal cells has been described from very few species, especially concerning the Nemertodermatida. New data are presented here from Nemertoderma bathycola. Studies of the body wall of the enigmatic Xenoturbella bocki revealed darkened, shrunken cells with epidermal-type cilia enclosed in a vacuole. These cells were found in basal parts of the epidermis and within gastrodermal cells. The cells, or remains of them, were more dissolved in structure the further into the body they were observed. The process of resorbing ciliated epidermal cells in X bocki is essentially similar to that found in the Acoela and Nemertodermatida, thus supporting the hypothesis of a close relationship.

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