|Los objectos flotantes del Pacífico oriental: formas, distribución espacial y cambios temporales = Floating objects of the eastern Pacific: types, spatial distribution and temporal changes|
Solana-Sansores, R. (2001). Los objectos flotantes del Pacífico oriental: formas, distribución espacial y cambios temporales = Floating objects of the eastern Pacific: types, spatial distribution and temporal changes. Cienc. Mar. 27(3): 423-443
In: Ciencias Marinas. Universidad Autónoma de Baja California: Ensenada, BS. ISSN 0185-3880, more
Ecology; Epipelagic zone; Fishery; Logs; Logs; Logs; Tunas; IS, Eastern Tropical Pacific [Marine Regions]; Marine
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The spatial pattern was analyzed of different types of floating objects associated with the tuna fishery in the eastern tropical Pacific (ETP). Of the 34 types of floating objects, four classes were defined: floating objects of terrestrial origin (FOTE), floating objects of marine origin (FOMA), artificial floating objects (FOA), and fish aggregating devices (FAD). The information source was the observer database of the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, for 1987 to 1997. The records of floating objects and fishery effort directed at them were analyzed, spatially and seasonally. The encounter rate and proportion per class were estimated, by one-degree quadrants. Spatial models were obtained for these variables using non-parametric regression. Before 1993, the encounter rates and proportion of FOTE were the most important, located close to the Central American coast. After that year, the region to the west of the Galapagos Islands was the most important. Since 1994, a spatial expansion of the floating objects fishery is observed to the southwest of the ETP, with the use of FAD. FOMA were found to concentrate in two zones: one off the coasts of Ecuador and Peru, and the other off Baja California, Mexico. The spatial patterns of the types of floating objects indicate a seasonal variation. It was concluded that the ETP can be divided into three zones: one coastal and two offshore zones. FOTE dominate in the coastal zone and to the north of the Equator, whereas FAD are the most important in the zone south of the Equator.