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Patrones espaciales de las especies epipelágicas capturadas incidentalmente en la pesca de atún sobre objetos flotantes, en el Océano Pacífico oriental = Spatial patterns of the epipelagic species caught incidentally in the tuna fishery on floating objects, in the eastern Pacific Ocean
Solana-Sansores, R. (2001). Patrones espaciales de las especies epipelágicas capturadas incidentalmente en la pesca de atún sobre objetos flotantes, en el Océano Pacífico oriental = Spatial patterns of the epipelagic species caught incidentally in the tuna fishery on floating objects, in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Cienc. Mar. 27(3): 445-479
In: Ciencias Marinas. Universidad Autónoma de Baja California: Ensenada, BS. ISSN 0185-3880, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Devices; Devices; Ecology; IS, Eastern Tropical Pacific [Marine Regions]; Marine

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  • Solana-Sansores, R.

Abstract
    The spatial pattern of the fauna associated with floating objects in the eastern tropical Pacific (ETP) was analyzed. Different presence indexes for the groups of species caught incidentally in log sets were estimated, using information from the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission database (1993-1997). These indexes allowed a preliminary grouping of species in relation to the percentage of presence in the log sets on floating objects and to school type (solitary or schooling fish). They were then classified using quadratic discriminant functions, with diverse classification criteria: zone, annual period, groups of species and type of floating object. The models were based on several variance and covariance matrices. Three models were selected to classify the associated fauna, using the likelihood ratio test and the reduction observed in the error rates. The results show two zones in the ETP with different composition of groups of species and floating objects of different origin. The Equatorial Countercurrent, located around 4 degreesN, is the border between these zones. The northern zone presents an associated fauna dominated by adults and recruits of the silky shark (Carcharhinus falciformis) and of the blacktip shark (C. limbatus); by recruits of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares); and, to a lesser extent, by yellowtail (Seriola lalandi). In the southern zone, the recruits of bigeye tuna (T. obesus) predominate. Both zones share fauna that is only found far from the coast, such as the whitetip shark (C. longimanus).

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