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Effects of temperature, prey type and prey size on gastric evacuation in small cod and whiting
Singh-Renton, S.; Bromley, P.J. (1996). Effects of temperature, prey type and prey size on gastric evacuation in small cod and whiting. J. Fish Biol. 49(4): 702-713. hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1996.tb00066.x
In: Journal of Fish Biology. Fisheries Society of the British Isles: London,New York,. ISSN 0022-1112, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Singh-Renton, S.
  • Bromley, P.J.

Abstract
    Gastric lavage was used to investigate the effects of temperature, prey type and prey size on gastric evacuation in small cod Gadus morhua and whiting Merlangius merlangus. The fish were fed to satiation and subsequently the stomach contents were sampled to determine the rate at which food was evacuated. Satiation meal size was positively related to temperature and differed between prey types. The gastric evacuation rate (GER) also tended to increase with temperature and varied with prey type. GER at temperatures of 11.3–12.7° C averaged 1.5–1.7 times higher than at 6–9.5° C. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the evacuation of lugworm Arenicola marina, sandeel Ammodytes spp., and herring Clupea harengus, but the GER of brown shrimp Crangon vulgaris was much slower (P<0.05). No significant changes in GER were observed when fish were fed on three different size groups of either herring or brown shrimp. In whiting, there was no significant difference in the GER of individual herring or brown shrimp when they were fed as single species meals or incorporated in meals containing a mixture of prey species.

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