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Robust warming of the global upper ocean
Lyman, J.; Good, S.A.; Gouretski, V.V.; Ishii, M.; Johnson, G.C.; Palmer, M.D.; Smith, D.M.; Wills, J.K. (2010). Robust warming of the global upper ocean. Nature (Lond.) 465(7296): 334-337
In: Nature: International Weekly Journal of Science. Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 0028-0836, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Authors  Top 
  • Lyman, J.
  • Good, S.A.
  • Gouretski, V.V.
  • Ishii, M.
  • Johnson, G.C.
  • Palmer, M.D.
  • Smith, D.M.
  • Wills, J.K.

    The upper 300 m of the world's oceans act as a giant heat sink and have absorbed the majority of the excess energy generated by anthropogenic greenhouse gases. But the magnitude of the oceanic heat uptake is uncertain, and differing estimates have led to questions regarding the closure of the global energy budget. Here, a comparison of ocean heat content estimates is presented; the conclusion is that a robust warming of 0.64 W −2 occurred from 1993 to 2008.

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