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Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines
Butchart, S.H.M.; Walpole, M.; Collen, B.; van Strien, A.J.; Scharlemann, J.P.W.; Almond, R.E.A.; Baillie, J.E.M.; Bomhard, B.; Brown, C.; Bruno, J.F.; Carpenter, K.E.; Carr, G.M.; Chanson, J.S.; Chenery, A.M.; Csirke, J.; Davidson, N.C.; Dentener, F.; Foster, M.; Galli, A.; Galloway, J.N.; Genovesi, P.; Gregory, R.D.; Hockings, M.; Kapos, V.; Lamarque, J.-F.; Leverington, F.; Loh, J.; McGeoch, M.A.; McRae, L.; Minasyan, A.; Hernández Morcillo, M.; Oldfield, T.E.E.; Pauly, D.; Quader, S. (2010). Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines. Science (Wash.) 328(5982): 1164-1168
In: Science (Washington). American Association for the Advancement of Science: Washington DC. ISSN 0036-8075, more
Peer reviewed article

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Butchart, S.H.M.
  • Walpole, M.
  • Collen, B.
  • van Strien, A.J.
  • Scharlemann, J.P.W.
  • Almond, R.E.A.
  • Baillie, J.E.M.
  • Bomhard, B.
  • Brown, C.
  • Bruno, J.F.
  • Carpenter, K.E.
  • Carr, G.M.
  • Chanson, J.S.
  • Chenery, A.M.
  • Csirke, J.
  • Davidson, N.C.
  • Dentener, F.
  • Foster, M.
  • Galli, A.
  • Galloway, J.N.
  • Genovesi, P.
  • Gregory, R.D.
  • Hockings, M.
  • Kapos, V.
  • Lamarque, J.-F.
  • Leverington, F.
  • Loh, J.
  • McGeoch, M.A.
  • McRae, L.
  • Minasyan, A.
  • Hernández Morcillo, M.
  • Oldfield, T.E.E.
  • Pauly, D., more
  • Quader, S.

Abstract
    In 2002, world leaders committed, through the Convention on Biological Diversity, to achieve a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. We compiled 31 indicators to report on progress toward this target. Most indicators of the state of biodiversity (covering species’ population trends, extinction risk, habitat extent and condition, and community composition) showed declines, with no significant recent reductions in rate, whereas indicators of pressures on biodiversity (including resource consumption, invasive alien species, nitrogen pollution, overexploitation, and climate change impacts) showed increases. Despite some local successes and increasing responses (including extent and biodiversity coverage of protected areas, sustainable forest management, policy responses to invasive alien species, and biodiversity-related aid), the rate of biodiversity loss does not appear to be slowing.

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