|Experimental sediment disturbances on a tidal flat: Responses of free-living Platyhelminthes and small Polychaeta|
Reise, K. (1984). Experimental sediment disturbances on a tidal flat: Responses of free-living Platyhelminthes and small Polychaeta, in: Heip, C.H.R. (Ed.) Biology of Meiofauna. Proceedings of the Fifth International Meiofauna Conference, held in Ghent, Belgium 16-20 August 1983. Developments in Hydrobiology, 26: pp. 73-81
In: Heip, C.H.R. (Ed.) (1984). Biology of Meiofauna. Proceedings of the Fifth International Meiofauna Conference, held in Ghent, Belgium 16-20 August 1983. Developments in Hydrobiology, 26. Dr. W. Junk Publishers: Dordrecht. ISBN 978-9061935131. 144 pp., more
In: Dumont, H.J. (Ed.) Developments in Hydrobiology. Kluwer Academic/Springer: The Hague; London; Boston; Dordrecht. ISSN 0167-8418, more
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|Document type: Conference paper|
Ecosystem disturbance; Ecosystem resilience; Intertidal environment; Population density; Sediments; Platyhelminthes [WoRMS]; Polychaeta [WoRMS]; Marine
Small-scale sediment disturbances on a sandy tidal flat in the North Sea changed the pattern of abundances in free-living platyhelminths (Turbellaria) and small Polychaeta, but not the species composition. Patches of 0.25 m2 were made anoxic, were regularly raked at the surface, or the upper layer of sediment was inverted. Recolonization after temporary anoxia proceeded very slowly. Raking caused diatom-feeding platyhelminths and the polychaetes to emigrate. Turning the upper 5 cm of the sediment upside down was harmful to both taxa, but platyhelminths recolonized quickly. Background densities were temporarily surpassed, first by predators, then by diatom feeders. Coherent responses of trophic guilds in platyhelminths do not suggest that release from competition is involved but indicate that such disturbances alter the availability of food resources and the organisms immigrate accordingly.