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The escape reactions of marine invertebrates to predatory starfish
Mackie, A.M. (1972). The escape reactions of marine invertebrates to predatory starfish, in: Battaglia, B. (Ed.) Fifth European Marine Biology Symposium. pp. 269-274
In: Battaglia, B. (Ed.) (1972). Fifth European Marine Biology Symposium. Piccin Editore: Padova. 348 pp., more

Available in Author 
    VLIZ: Proceedings [212695]
Document type: Conference paper

Keyword
    Marine

Author  Top 
  • Mackie, A.M.

Abstract
    The biology and chemistry of the escape reactions of marine invertebrates to predatory starfish are discussed. The material secreted by the starfish Marthasterias glacialis, which induces escape reactions in sensitive animals, has been shown to be a saponin (steroid glycoside). It is suggested that the escape reactions of all molluscs may be due to saponins or other surface-active substances.

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