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Use of respiration rates of scyphozoan jellyfish to estimate their effects on the food web
Purcell, J.E.; Fuentes, V.L.; Atienza, D.; Tilves, U.; Astorga, D.; Kawahara, M.; Hays, G.C. (2010). Use of respiration rates of scyphozoan jellyfish to estimate their effects on the food web, in: Purcell, J.E. et al. (Ed.) (2010). Jellyfish blooms: New problems and solutions. Developments in Hydrobiology, 212: pp. 135-152
In: Purcell, J.E.; Angel, D.L. (Ed.) (2010). Jellyfish blooms: New problems and solutions. Developments in Hydrobiology, 212. Springer: Dordrecht. ISBN 978-90-481-9540-4. 234 pp., more
In: Dumont, H.J. (Ed.) Developments in Hydrobiology. Kluwer Academic/Springer: Den Haag. ISSN 0167-8418, more

Also published as
  • Purcell, J.E.; Fuentes, V.L.; Atienza, D.; Tilves, U.; Astorga, D.; Kawahara, M.; Hays, G.C. (2010). Use of respiration rates of scyphozoan jellyfish to estimate their effects on the food web. Hydrobiologia 645(1): 135-152, more

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Purcell, J.E.
  • Fuentes, V.L.
  • Atienza, D.
  • Tilves, U.
  • Astorga, D.
  • Kawahara, M.
  • Hays, G.C.

Abstract
    One of the main objectives of research on jellyfish is to determine their effects on the food web. They are voracious consumers that have similar diets to those of zooplanktivorous fish, as well as eating microplankton and ichthyoplankton. Respiration rates (RRs) can be used to estimate the amount of food needed to balance metabolism, and thereby estimate minimum ingestion. We compiled RRs for scyphozoan medusae in three suborders (Semeaostomeae, Rhizostomeae, and Coronatae) to determine if a single regression could relate RRs to mass for diverse scyphomedusan species. Temperature (7–30°C) was not a significant factor. RRs versus wet weight (WW) regressions differed significantly for semeaostome and rhizostome medusae; however, RRs versus carbon mass over five-orders of magnitude did not differ significantly among suborders. RRs were isometric against medusa carbon mass, with data for all species scaling to the power 0.94. The scyphomedusa respiration rate (SRR) regression enables estimation of RR for any scyphomedusa from its carbon mass. The error of the SRR regression was ±72%, which is small in comparison with the 1,000-fold variation in field sampling. This predictive equation (RR in ml O2 d−1 = 83.37 * g C0.940) can be used to estimate minimum ingestion by scyphomedusae without exhaustive collection of feeding data. In addition, effects of confinement on RRs during incubation of medusae were tested. Large medusae incubated in small container volumes (CV) relative to their size (ratios of CV:WW < 50) had RRs ~one-tenth those of medusae in relatively larger containers. Depleted oxygen during incubation did not depress RRs of the medusae; however, swimming may have been restricted and respiration reduced in consequence. We briefly review other problems with RR experiments and suggest protocols and limitations for estimating ingestion rates of jellyfish from metabolic rates.

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