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Influence of natural diet on growth and biochemical composition of Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797
Biandolino, F.; Portacci, G.; Prato, E. (2010). Influence of natural diet on growth and biochemical composition of Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797. Aquacult. Int. 18(6): 1163-1175. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10499-010-9331-x
In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more

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Keywords
    Biochemical composition; Diets; Fatty acids; Feeding; Growth; Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797 [WoRMS]; Marine

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  • Biandolino, F.
  • Portacci, G.
  • Prato, E.

Abstract
    The influence of diet on growth and biochemical composition of cultured Octopus vulgaris was investigated. Octopuses were reared in a open recirculation seawater system and during the experiment were kept apart in cages. Experimen lasted 30 days. Three experimental dietary groups were established: group I (mixed diet: Carcinus mediterraneus, Boops boops and Mytilus galloprovincialis), group II (monodiet on B. boops) and group III (monodiet on M. galloprovincialis). The best results were obtained with the monodiet based on bogue that gave a weight gain of 390.65 ± 37.54, an absolute growth rate of 13.02 g  day −1 and feed efficiency of 44.79 ± 0.96%. Regarding to biochemical composition, the mussel-fed and bogue-fed groups showed the highest protein content. Animals fed on bogue also showed the highest carbohydrate content, while the lowest value was observed in the mussels-fed group. The lipid content was found to be very low in all dietary groups. Saturated fatty acids were the most abundant fatty acid class, ranging from 58.22% in wild octopuses to 46.83% in bogues-fed octopuses. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) were the second most abundant fatty acids class in all dietary treatments (25.65–37.00% as a per cent of total FAs) except in octopuses fed with mussels. MUFAs ranged from 11.44 to 26.93% of total FAs. Although it is empirically known that a varied diet better covers the nutritional requirements than a monodiet, the results of this study reveal that a monodiet of B. boops may be used.

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