|Optimisation of larval culture of the mussel Mytilus edulis (L.)|
|Galley, T.H.; Batista, F.M.; Braithwaite, R.; King, J.; Beaumont, A.R. (2010). Optimisation of larval culture of the mussel Mytilus edulis (L.). Aquacult. Int. 18(3): 315-325. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10499-009-9245-7|
|In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more|
Cultures; Growth; Larvae; Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Marine
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The blue mussel Mytilus edulis is a commercially important species whose fishery and culture generally relies on natural spat collection. Hatchery-production could provide an alternative source of seed, enabling reliable expansion of the industry. Mussel spawning and larval rearing trials were carried out to optimise elements of hatchery production. Culturing fertilised eggs at low density (20–200 eggs cm−2) rather than high density (400–720 eggs cm−2) significantly improved the quality of first veliger larvae and differences in this improvement were evident between the eggs from different females (maternal effects). Veliger larval growth at 17 or 21°C was significantly faster than growth at 14°C. Feeding veliger larvae an identical total ration either daily or at 2–3 day intervals did not significantly affect their growth. Different microalgal diets (1: Isochrysis sp. (clone T-ISO), 2: Chaetoceros calcitrans forma pumilus, 3: C. muelleri, 4: mixed Isochrysis sp. (clone T-ISO) and C. calcitrans f. pumilus, and 5: mixed Isochrysis sp. (clone T-ISO) and C. muelleri) were tested on veliger larval growth and mixed diets outperformed single-species diets.