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Antibacterial effect of medium-chain fatty acid: caprylic acid on gnotobiotic Artemia franciscana nauplii against shrimp pathogens Vibrio harveyi and V. parahaemolyticus
Immanuel, G.; Sivagnanavelmurugan, M.; Palavesam, A. (2011). Antibacterial effect of medium-chain fatty acid: caprylic acid on gnotobiotic Artemia franciscana nauplii against shrimp pathogens Vibrio harveyi and V. parahaemolyticus. Aquacult. Int. 19(1): 91-101
In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Caprylic acid; Artemia franciscana Kellog, 1906 [WoRMS]; Vibrio harveyi (Johnson & Shunk, 1936) Baumann & Baumann, 1981 [WoRMS]; Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Fujino, Okuno, Nakada, Aoyama, Fukai, Mukai & Ueho, 1951) Sakazaki, Iwanami & Fukumi, 1963 [WoRMS]; Marine; Brackish water

Authors  Top 
  • Immanuel, G.
  • Sivagnanavelmurugan, M.
  • Palavesam, A.

Abstract
    The present study was carried out to determine the antibacterial effect of caprylic acid in the culture system of Artemia franciscana nauplii inoculated with shrimp pathogens Vibrio harveyi and V. parahaemolyticus. To begin with, the antibacterial effect of different concentrations (1, 10 and 100 mM) of caprylic acid against V. harveyi and V. parahaemolyticus was assessed through bacterial growth study. This indicated that at 100 mM concentration, the growth of the pathogens was completely inhibited within 5 h, whereas, in 1.0 and 10 mM concentrations, effective inhibition was observed with the extension of time. Subsequently, the influence of pH variation on the growth inhibitory effect of 10 mM caprylic acid against V. harveyi and V. parahaemolyticus at different pH (5–7) was also made through bacterial growth study. At pH 5, the pathogen growth was very less, compared with pH 6 and 7. The Artemia nauplii (instar II) reared in 10 mM caprylic acid supplemented medium were challenged with V. harveyi and V. parahaemolyticus, and the mortality was recorded at an interval of 6 h up to 60 h. In this study, the mortality of Artemia nauplii reduced to 20.61 and 16.30% in V. parahaemolyticus and V. harveyi challenged groups, respectively. The present results provide evidence for the potential antibacterial activity of caprylic acid in aquaculture against luminescent vibrios.

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