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But next time?: unsuccessful establishment of the Mediterranean strain of the green seaweed Caulerpa taxifolia in the Sea of Japan
Komatsu, T.; Ishikawa, T.; Yamaguchi, N.; Hori, Y.; Ohba, H. (2003). But next time?: unsuccessful establishment of the Mediterranean strain of the green seaweed Caulerpa taxifolia in the Sea of Japan. Biological Invasions 5: 275-277
In: Biological Invasions. Springer: London. ISSN 1387-3547, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Aquaria; Invasions; Sea of Japan; Caulerpa taxifolia (M.Vahl) C.Agardh, 1817 [WoRMS]; MED, Mediterranean [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Komatsu, T.
  • Ishikawa, T.
  • Yamaguchi, N.
  • Hori, Y.
  • Ohba, H.

Abstract
    We conducted a survey of 63 public aquariums in Japan by means of a questionnaire asking if a green seaweed, Caulerpa taxifolia, was cultured or exhibited in aquariums under the network of the public aquarium association of Japan in 1997. Of 51 aquariums, 16 cultured or exhibited C. taxifolia. Most of the public aquariums possessing C. taxifolia purchased them from aquarium shops or received them from another public aquarium as a donation. Notojima aquarium reported temporal establishment of C. taxifolia in the Sea of Japan between the summer and autumn of 1992 and 1993. C. taxifolia was released into the sea from a 1m3 cage that was submerged in an open pool. Two colonies with diameters less than 2 m were found near the mouth of a water outflow pipe in both years. Molecular analysis of the ITS rDNA gene of the aquarium strain of Notojima clarified that the seaweed is the same as the aquarium-Mediterranean and Californian invasive strain. Unsuccessful establishment of the invasive strain of C. taxifolia in the Sea of Japan is probably due to water temperatures in winter that are lethal for C. taxifolia. C. taxifolia remains present in many public and private aquariums. If C. taxifolia were to be released in more temperate waters of Japan, there would be a high risk of establishment and, thus, impact on the marine ecosystem. This suggests that the trade, culture and exhibition of C. taxifolia should be strongly avoided to reduce the chances of accidental release of this harmful species.

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