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Blitzkrieg in a marine invasion: Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) reaches the Canary Islands (north-east Atlantic)
Verlaque, M.; Afonso-Carrillo, J.; Gil-Rodríguez, M.C.; Durand, C.; Boudouresque, C.F.; Le Parco, Y. (2004). Blitzkrieg in a marine invasion: Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) reaches the Canary Islands (north-east Atlantic). Biological Invasions 6: 269-281
In: Biological Invasions. Springer: London. ISSN 1387-3547, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Canary Islands; Introduced species; Bryopsidales [WoRMS]; Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh, 1873 [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    18S intron; ITS1–ITS2

Authors  Top 
  • Verlaque, M.
  • Afonso-Carrillo, J.
  • Gil-Rodríguez, M.C.
  • Durand, C.
  • Boudouresque, C.F.
  • Le Parco, Y.

Abstract
    On the basis of morphological and genetic studies (rDNAITS1, 5.8S, ITS2, and a 18S rDNAintron), we confirm here that Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman et Boudouresque, a southwestern Australian taxon recently introduced into the Mediterranean Sea also occurs in the Canary Islands. This is the first report of C. racemosa var. cylindracea in the Atlantic. It was observed for the first time in the Canary Archipelago in 1997-1998. The speed and regional scale of expansion (north Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea) of this invasive species appear to be among the most dramatic ever recorded. The possible outcome of this introduction in the Atlantic is discussed.

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