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Biological implications of empirical models of winter oxygen depletion
Meding, M.E.; Jackson, L.J. (2001). Biological implications of empirical models of winter oxygen depletion. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 58(9): 1727-1736
In: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences = Journal canadien des sciences halieutiques et aquatiques. National Research Council Canada: Ottawa. ISSN 0706-652X, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Ecosystems; Hypolimnion; Morphometry; Productivity; Productivity; Productivity; Rates; Rates; Rates; Temperature; Canada, Ontario, Experimental Lakes Area; Fresh water

Authors  Top 
  • Meding, M.E.
  • Jackson, L.J.

Abstract
    We compiled data for 23 North American temperate zone lakes to assess three alternative winter O2 depletion models for estimating O2 dynamics from freezing to thawing. Dissolved O2 concentrations were constant or declined slightly for an average of 40 days after freezing and then declined rapidly. Once O2 concentrations reached 1-3 mg .L-1, consumption slowed. No model that we fit captured O2 dynamics shortly after freezing. The best fit was a one-pool exponential decay model after one to four initial data were removed. Photosynthesis and freeze-out estimates suggest that O2 inputs are more important in shallow than in deep lakes. Oxygen decay rates (k) correlated with morphometry in shallow lakes and chlorophyll a, Secchi depth, and the sediment surface area to volume ratio in deep lakes. We hypothesize that the failure of chlorophyll a to correlate with k in shallow lakes is because macrophytes are the primary source of decaying organic matter but have not been included in assessments of winter O2 depletion. Thus, some processes in deep lakes cannot simply be scaled to smaller scales in shallow lakes.

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