|Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) and dimethylsulfide (DMS) sea surface distributions simulated from a global three-dimensional ocean carbon cycle model|
|Aumont, O.; Belviso, S.; Monfray, P. (2002). Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) and dimethylsulfide (DMS) sea surface distributions simulated from a global three-dimensional ocean carbon cycle model. J. Geophys. Res. 107(C4): 19 pp. dx.doi.org/10.1029/1999JC000111|
|In: Journal of Geophysical Research. American Geophysical Union: Washington DC. ISSN 0148-0227, more|
A global model for surface dimethylsulfide (DMS) and particulate dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) (pDMS) distributions is presented. The main goals of this work were to be able to predict the regional distribution of the air-sea fluxes of DMS and to predict eventually their future evolution with climate change. Diagnostic relationships have been established from data sets obtained during the ALBATROSS and EUMELI cruises carried out in the Atlantic Ocean. These equations nonlinearly relate DMS and pDMSP concentrations to chlorophyll concentrations and to the trophic status of surface waters. This model has been embedded in the global ocean carbon cycle model Institut Pierre et Simon Laplace-Ocean Carbon Cycle Model version 2 (ISPL-OCCM2), a simple plankton model coupled to a global three-dimensional ocean general circulation model. Predicted global distributions and seasonal variations of surface chlorophyll are in good agreement with the observations, except in the equatorial Pacific Ocean and, to a lesser extent, in the Southern Ocean. In these regions, simulated surface chlorophyll concentrations are strongly overestimated, most likely because limitations of the biological production by nutrients like iron or silicate are not considered. The model predicts surface DMS and pDMSP concentrations, which compare reasonably well with the observations. However, in the high latitudes, seasonal variations are underestimated, especially in the Ross and Weddell Seas where observed very elevated concentrations of DMS due to spring and summer blooms of Phaeocystis cannot be reproduced by the model. The global annual flux of DMS predicted by lPSL-OCCM2 ranges from 17 to 26.7 Tg S yr_1 depending on the formulation for gas exchange coefficient. About one third of this flux is located in the subtropical/subpolar frontal zone of the Southern Ocean, which plays a critical role in the sulfur cycle. Furthermore, model results suggest that the Southern Ocean, south of the Polar Front, could be a rather modest source of DMS for the atmosphere.