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Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS) in the marine environment: Prioritizing HNS that pose major risk in a European context
Neuparth, T.; Moreira, S.; Santos, M.M.; Reis-Henriques, M.A. (2011). Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS) in the marine environment: Prioritizing HNS that pose major risk in a European context. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 62(1): 21-28. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2010.09.016
In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. Macmillan: London. ISSN 0025-326X, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS); spills; European Atlanticwaters; Prioritizing HNS; Marine toxicological data; HNS spillpreparedness and responsiveness

Authors  Top 
  • Neuparth, T.
  • Moreira, S.
  • Santos, M.M.
  • Reis-Henriques, M.A.

Abstract
    Increases in the maritime transportation of Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS), alongside the need for an effective response to HNS spills have led environmental managers and the scientific community to focus attention on HNS spill preparedness and responsiveness. In the context of the ARCOPOL project, a weight-of-evidence approach was developed aimed at prioritizing HNS that pose major environmental risks to European waters. This approach takes into consideration the occurrence probability of HNS spills in European Atlantic waters and the severity of exposure associated with their physico-chemical properties and toxicity to marine organisms. Additionally, a screening analysis of the toxicological information available for the prioritization of HNS was performed. Here we discuss the need for a prioritization methodology to select HNS that are likely to cause severe marine environmental effects as an essential step towards the establishment of a more effective preparedness and response to HNS incidents.

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