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Genetic variation, systematics and distribution of the venerid clam Chamelea gallina

Backeljau, T.; Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; De Bruyn, L. (1994). Genetic variation, systematics and distribution of the venerid clam Chamelea gallina. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 74: 211-223
Peer reviewed article
In: Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press/Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom: Plymouth. ISSN 0025-3154, more

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 222283 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Chamelea gallina (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; ANE, Portugal [gazetteer]; Marine

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Abstract
    Two morphotypes of the venerid bivalve Chamelea gallina (L.), viz. C. gallina s.s. and C. striatula, were electrophoretically compared at seven polymorphic enzyme loci. In three populations from the Ría Formosa (southern Portugal), both morphotypes occurred sympatrically. Analyses of genotype frequencies in these mixed populations revealed departures from Hardy-Weinberg expectations at nearly all loci. These deviations were mainly attributable to a Wahlund effect, caused by mixing the two morphotypes. Nei's mean unbiased genetic distance between the two forms was D=1·138, while the mean genetic distances between populations within morphotypes were D=0·083 in C. gallina s.s. and D=0·229 in C. striatula. It is therefore concluded that C. gallina and C. striatula are reproductively isolated (biological) species, the geographical distribution of which is outlined.

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