|Genetic variation, systematics and distribution of the venerid clam Chamelea gallina|
Backeljau, T.; Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; De Bruyn, L. (1994). Genetic variation, systematics and distribution of the venerid clam Chamelea gallina. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 74: 211-223
In: Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press/Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom: Plymouth. ISSN 0025-3154, more
Chamelea gallina (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; ANE, Portugal [gazetteer]; Marine
Two morphotypes of the venerid bivalve Chamelea gallina (L.), viz. C. gallina s.s. and C. striatula, were electrophoretically compared at seven polymorphic enzyme loci. In three populations from the Ría Formosa (southern Portugal), both morphotypes occurred sympatrically. Analyses of genotype frequencies in these mixed populations revealed departures from Hardy-Weinberg expectations at nearly all loci. These deviations were mainly attributable to a Wahlund effect, caused by mixing the two morphotypes. Nei's mean unbiased genetic distance between the two forms was D=1·138, while the mean genetic distances between populations within morphotypes were D=0·083 in C. gallina s.s. and D=0·229 in C. striatula. It is therefore concluded that C. gallina and C. striatula are reproductively isolated (biological) species, the geographical distribution of which is outlined.