|Marine aggregate extraction regulation in EU member states|
|Radzevicius, R.; Velegrakis, A.; Bonne, W.; Kortekaas, S.; Garel, E.; Blazauskas, N.; Asariotis, R. (2010). Marine aggregate extraction regulation in EU member states. J. Coast. Res. SI 51: 15-38|
|In: Journal of Coastal Research. Coastal Education and Research Foundation: Fort Lauderdale. ISSN 0749-0208, more|
Environmental impact; Marine
Marine aggregates; aggregate mining licensing; environmental law and regulation; marine sand and gravel; environmental impact assessment
|Authors|| || Top |
This paper provides a brief review of regulations and procedures relevant to the authorization of marine aggregate (MA) operations in eight EU Member States. MA operations are affected by a multi-level legislative/regulatory regime, consisting of international conventions (e.g. the UNCLOS 1982, OSPAR, Helsinki, ICES, Barcelona and Espoo Conventions), secondary EC legislation (e.g. the Environmental Impact Assessment Directives (85/337/EEC and 97/11 EC) and the Freedom of Access to Environmental Information Directive (2003/4/EC)) and national legislation or regulation. It appears that rules and procedures relevant to MA extraction vary considerably between the considered Member States. In general, relevant information is not easily available in accurate, comprehensive and up-to date form. As a result, it is difficult to assess whether and to which extent national practice in relation to MA extraction authorization is in substantive compliance with the requirements of existing international and European rules and regulations aimed at sustainable development and protection of the marine and coastal environment.