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Trace metals in the marine bivalve Macoma balthica in the westerschelde estuary, The Nertherlands. Part 3: Variability of the role of cytosol in metal uptake by the clams
Bordin, G.; McCourt, J.; Cordeiro Raposo, .F; Rodriguez, A. (1996). Trace metals in the marine bivalve Macoma balthica in the westerschelde estuary, The Nertherlands. Part 3: Variability of the role of cytosol in metal uptake by the clams. Sci. Total Environ. 180(3): 241-255. dx.doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(95)04942-8
In: Science of the Total Environment. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 0048-9697, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Bivalvia [WoRMS]; Macoma balthica (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    Trace metals; Metal accumulation; Cytosol; Season; Bivalves; Macoma balthica; Westerschelde estuary

Authors  Top 
  • Bordin, G.
  • McCourt, J.
  • Cordeiro Raposo, .F
  • Rodriguez, A.

Abstract
    Tellinid clams Macoma balthica were sampled every 2 months for 2.5 years at two locations from the Westerschelde estuary (The Netherlands) and submitted to in vitro short-term exposure to Cd, Cu and Zn. Total and heat-stable cytosolic metal concentrations have been measured before and after exposure to study the effects of the sampling season on metal uptake by the bivalve. We observed much higher uptakes of Cd and, to a lesser extent, Cu in winter than in summer, while Zn appears to be constantly regulated. These phenomena are amplified in the cytosol, especially for Cd, a non-essential element, for which the concentrations after exposure can reach 35–45 µg·g-1 (dry wt.) in winter, but only a maximum of 0.5 µg·g-1 in summer, all natural values being between 0.01 and 0.1 µg·g-1 on average. The contents (µg) of the various elements, either at the total or at the cytosolic level, are not constant, hence showing that the seasonal body weight fluctuation of the clams (dilution or concentration effect) is not the only parameter responsible for the metal uptake variability. Furthermore, we have shown that the proportion of cytosolic metal is not constant, but increases with the absolute cytosolic concentration up to 35–40. Therefore, the cytosolic phase of the cells plays a growing role in Cd, Cu and Zn storage as long as their total concentration increases.

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