|Activity and movement patterns of juvenile Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua , in Conception Bay, Newfoundland, as determined by sonic telemetry|
Clark, D.S.; Green, J.M. (1990). Activity and movement patterns of juvenile Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua , in Conception Bay, Newfoundland, as determined by sonic telemetry. Can. J. Zool. 68(7): 1434-1442
In: Canadian Journal of Zoology = Revue canadienne de zoologie. National Research Council: Ottawa. ISSN 0008-4301, more
Activity patterns; Juveniles; Movement; Sonic tags; Gadus morhua Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; ANW, Canada, Newfoundland, Conception Bay [Marine Regions]; Marine
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We studied the movements and activity patterns of individual 3-year-old (28–33 cm total length) Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, in Conception Bay, Newfoundland, using sonic telemetry. Cod tracked between June and early September (summer) were wide ranging (> 3 km/day), nocturnally active, and migrated daily between deep (30 m) cold water where they were inactive and shallow (< 15 m) warm water where they fed. Cod tracked between mid-September and December (autumn) stayed in shallow (< 20 m) water where they were active in relatively small (545.3–2581.6 m2) home ranges during daylight hours and inactive at consistent resting sites at night. Home ranges were over sand whereas resting sites were generally in rocky areas. The seasonal change in migratory behaviour coincided with the disappearance of the shallow (< 30 m) summer thermocline. When the water column became isothermal over the depth range of juvenile cod, they remained in shallow feeding areas throughout the diel period. We suggest that the summer diel migration is a strategy to increase energetic efficiency. Literature on the feeding behaviour of cod and on the predation of juvenile cod suggests that the switch from nocturnal to diurnal activity may be an antipredator strategy. However, more information on the feeding behaviour of cod is required before this hypothesis can be adequately evaluated.